Step By Step Process of How to Write a Research Paper
Step 1: Picking a Viable, Pertinent & Unique Topic of Research
Sometimes students are assigned their research topics, but if you are lucky enough to have such an option, choose your topic wisely. First, consider choosing a stimulating topic that interests you. Then you will not be bored while researching because you are sure to discover something new and enjoy the writing process. Do not select topics that are too technical or too generic.
If your topic of research happens to be too broad, your research article is not likely to do well because it will look like a general outline. You need to restrict your topic to a particular concept or thought and made it precise and cohesive. For instance, if your topic is about autonomous vehicles, you should narrow it down to ‘impediments to autonomous travel’ or something similar.
Step 2: Come Up With A Powerful Thesis Statement
Prepare a working thesis before actually organizing your research, as it will guide your investigation and help you stay focused on your topic. A thesis statement typically has to be precise and be a reflection of the sort of research paper you are writing. Every research paper can be divided into three categories
- Argumentative or persuasive if you dispute the conclusion
- Expository when explaining and interpreting data
- Analytical when breaking down certain bits of information
You need to commit sufficient time to create a strong thesis statement so that your research work has a clear purpose. Your thesis must be debatable and narrow because your assertions must be backed by valid proof. If your claim is too generic, you will need more proof to convince your readers that you are, in fact, on to something. Here is an instance of a questionable thesis statement – ‘Autonomous Vehicle Technology Will Change the World of Transport’.
Step 3: Carry Out Detailed & Thorough Research On Your Topic Of Choice
You should concentrate on finding sufficient secondary and primary credible sources on the topic of your article, read them all carefully and find relevant evidence to support your thesis. At this point, you should assess your sources, take notes and start documenting your sources in a citation style specified by your instructor. Some of the most prevalent citation styles are
Be sure to use the latest edition of a specific style guide. You will use your notes on references later when writing your article and building your bibliography. Citing all the sources you have used to quote, paraphrase and summarize is essential to avoid plagiarism.
Step 4: Begin Focusing On New Ideas & Don’t Underestimate The Ideating Process
Your research most likely has given you a great deal of new and profound ideas. Now you need to organize them into a world-class presentation. It is crucial that you not skip this vital step, as, without it, your research paper will most likely lack focus and you will need more time to revise your draft and try to make sense of your confused thoughts. That’s why you need a plan. You need to finalize your thesis and create a work plan that you plan to cover that will serve as a roadmap and keep you focused.
Think about the key points you will need to develop to support your thesis statement. You can use them as captions for the body of your article. Go through your notes and organize the information under each subheading. Ensure that you not only include relevant information that matches your captions and directly supports your thesis. You must resist the temptation to include any information that does not fit into your plan, no matter how interesting.
You should remember that while writing an outline that a typical research paper structure typically includes a lot of sections, right from the title, the abstract and an introduction to the findings and conclusion. However, if your research paper is not long, its format may include an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion. In any event, you should comply with the particular guidelines furnished by your research instructor.
Step 5: Preparing the First Draft
This is the middle of the process. You’ve got a clear direction and it’s time to create the first draft with a headline, in-text quotes and a reference page.
The headline is very important if you want to make a good impression on your readers because it is the first thing they see. This forms their opinion of what exactly to expect in your article. Make sure to include a list of the keywords that present the topic of your article, the methods that you applied and the outcomes you came up with.
Subsequently, form a sentence that incorporates all the keywords you listed and delete any redundant words. After that, you have to bind the others. Finally, you need to remove the non-essential information and organize the remaining words in logical order. You can also include the caption. Make sure your title is concise. Then you need to write an introduction, body paragraphs and a conclusion. These are the central components of your research article, so you should make sure to spend some time nailing every one of them and getting them right.
Step 6: Refine Constantly
You have to make large-scale changes and verify whether the reasoning, movement and developments are factual and appropriately make changes in the structure and order of your paragraphs. Need to make sure that all of your ideas are fully developed and that all claims are supported by credible evidence. You may need to add section headers. The next step is editing. You should check and eliminate filler words and phrases, improve word choice and correct punctuation and grammar errors if you find any. You should look for
- Incomplete sentences
- Dangling modifiers
- Easily confused words (as to, also and two)
- Spelling mistakes
- Apostrophes for possessives and plurals
- Rating rules respected
- Use of comma
- Eliminate contractions
You will need to proofread your article several times. A good strategy is to read your article backwards. This way, you will feel a bit disoriented and be able to catch more mistakes. You should start reading the last sentence, then check the second to last and keep reading until you get to your first sentence.
You should ask your friends or family to review your research paper and express their opinion on it. They should assess your argument, transitions and balance and look for any inconsistencies with usage, grammar or mechanics. Ask your friends for their comments and suggestions for changes if you think they make sense. Finally, you can print your paper and proofread it to eliminate minor errors or typos and make sure your amazing research paper is crisp.
ARDA – Helping Researchers Craft & Publish World-Class Research Papers
With ARDA’s professional research paper writing services, you can easily write winning research papers fast, earn a better reputation and enjoy a fruitful career in research. You can even reach out to ARDA conference specialists to recommend research topics and help with getting your paper or article published in world-class journal publications. As a consequence of this, you will spend less time, but you will have more fun carrying out your research work. Get in touch with us today.